New main objective: Talk to Gerdur in Riverwood
Note! You will receive this objective only if during the Unbound main quest you decided to befriend with Ralof. If you allied with Hadvar, head to Meeting with Alvor.
Open the map to establish that Riverwood is north of the Helgen Keep exit (screen above). You of course don't need to head there following a straight line, as you can stay on the main path as well. As for Ralof, even though you will theoretically temporarily split up, you should follow him and stay nearby.
On your way, I'd definitely suggest stopping by the Guardian Stones (screen above). You should interact with either one of the Thief Stone, Mage Stone or Warrior Stone. By doing so you will receive a blessing and increase your skills in a given field by 20%.
Keep heading north and be ready to fight off some Wolves (screen above). If Ralof is nearby, the fight should be very easy. Otherwise, you will have to be very careful and remember to attack the wolves one at a time. Afterwards examine their bodies and head towards Riverwood.
After reaching Riverwood, join Ralof and head to the sawmill. Here you will have to listen to a longer conversation with Ralof, Gerdur and Hod (screen above). Note that Gerdur offered you a number of free items which you should of course move to your inventory. In the further part of the conversation, you will learn of the need to meet with the Jarl of Whiterun and inform him of the Dragon's attack, so that he send in more soldiers to Riverwood. Before heading out, I'd suggest taking the invitation and heading to Hod and Gerdur's house. There, you can ask them some additional questions. The further description can be found in Going to Whiterun.