Production chains map in Farming Simulator 19
Farming Simulator 19 Guide and Tips
The above production map from Farming Simulator 19 shows the dependencies between farmed plants and animal husbandry. Nevertheless, it does not show income, which can be viewed in chapter Summary and Profitability, in the table listing plants, their price, and the optimal income per hectare.
Only grains such as wheat, barley and oat can be used to receive straw. You don't have to gather it, you can set the harvester to scatter it across the field rather than create rows of it that are ready to harvest. If you are without any husbandry, you can sell straw at selling points. Straw is necessary for the animals to produce manure (cows and pigs only). Horses need straw to maintain cleanliness and to increase their value. Straw can be bought in selling points and remade into bales.
Corn is the most cost-effective grain when it comes to producing chaff.
Chaff in Farming Simulator 19 can be made from almost any grain: wheat, barley, oat, soy, canola and corn. Chaff behaves the same as grass: you can change it into silage when placed into a silo, it can be used as cow feed when producing total mixed ration. Remember that only corn is cost-efficient enough when producing chaff. To harvest chaff, use forage harvesters (they have separate headers for corn and other grains).
Silos can be bought and placed on your land.
Silage can be created in two ways. The first method is as follows: place grass, straw or chaff in silos (built separately or those placed next to the Biogas plant), mow it over with a tractor and cover it with tarp. You can gather the product after 24 hours. The second method involves bale press and a wrapper - ready bales change their content to silage after 24 hours. Silage is best utilized as an effective cow feed; in fact, it is effective enough to balance the income from the husbandry and the amount of work put in.
Acquiring chaff from corn and converting it to silage is a great, simple and very financially rewarding business. The best approach is to use the silos placed next to the Biogas plant and sell silage there. The price of silage is constant, and as an extra you'll receive compost that is free of charge. You need to buy the biogas plant before you can utilize the silos found there.
- You can buy baled silage at the shop.
- Before you cover the silo, you can add and mix various types of silage (grass, straw, chaff).
In Farming Simulator 19 water is only used to feed the animals. You don't need to water the fields or use it to clean the vehicles. Water can be acquired from tanks found across the map, privately-owned tanks, or any river or pond found on the map. Water is transported by tanker trailers. Water is required for animal husbandry (all of them, aside from hens) - without it, the production stops completely (but the animals don't die).
Every husbandry needs a place of living for the animals, separate for each species.
In Farming Simulator 19, you can raise hens, sheep, pigs, horses and cows. Every species has different needs and the money is earned from different things. Every animal needs water (except for hens) and regular feeding and cleaning - this involves cleaning up the feed that scatters from the feeders (except for horses, which are cleaned manually, one by one)
- Hens - They only require simple feed (wheat or oat - you can buy it at the shop), produce eggs and reproduce quickly - not a lucrative business, if you decide to raise hens, make sure to raise at least fifty units.
- Sheep - Sheep require grass/straw, with the same production effectiveness. They produce wool stored in easy-to-load stillages. A very lucrative and effortless business.
- Horses - Require oat and straw as food (both products can be bought at the shop). You earn money by increasing the value of your stock - up to 50000$ per unit. Their value increases when: they have a supply of both types of food and water, when you ride them regularly (climb on a horse and travel slowly around the map until the "riding" bar is filled in full), clean them after every ride and make sure that they have a supply of straw, which has an impact on the level of cleanliness of your horses.
- Pigs - They have huge needs - to gain 100% of production effectiveness, you need to deliver 7 types of plants. Avoid attempting to keep 100% of effectiveness - make sure you supply corn (50% effectiveness) and additionally one type of grain. You can also buy a special pig feed at the shop, which is a mix offering 100% effectiveness. Pigs produce manure (from straw) and slurry, and you'll earn a lot of money, as they reproduce quickly.
- Cows - The most demanding animals. They produce a lot of fertilizer, eat a lot of food, you need to look after them often. They produce milk which can be sold at the selling point. Feed them with silage or mixed feed to ensure high effectiveness.
Cotton and Sugarcane
Cotton is a crop yielding high profits.
Cotton and sugarcane are cash crops - you grow them with the purpose of selling. They are not used in husbandry and aren't a base for some other product. Both these plants are profitable, but you need specialized machinery that is used only for these crops.
- The growth of cotton and its harvest is faster thanks to a specialized harvester and loading wagons. To maintain effectiveness, sow cotton on large fields, bigger than 1-2 hectare.
- Sugarcane can be sown on smaller fields. You sow it once, it grows back after harvesting. The harvest is slow and tiresome, but generates large crops that you'll sell for reasonable prices at the selling points.