This chapter of the Breathedge guide explains where to find a scanner blueprint that will allow you to unlock new crafting blueprints.
To obtain the scanner in the earliest phase of the game, go to the part of the ship below your capsule. The entrance is blocked, but the scanner is to the right of the door.
By checking the scanner attached to the door, you'll get a blueprint of it. In this way, you will also unlock the door leading inside the ruins. Go back to the base and craft your first scanner.
You need pretty common materials to produce a scanner. Like other tools, scanner also has a stamina level so be prepared that soon you will have to produce another one.